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High School
By
Shiva Kintali
on Aug. 28, 2013 | Updated Jan. 4, 2018
7 points inside a hexagon
Consider a hexagon \(H\) with side length 1. Given any 7 points inside \(H\), show that at least two points are separated by a distance of at most 1.
Puzzles
Puzzles
geometry puzzle
pigeonhole principle
0
High School
By
Shiva Kintali
on May 7, 2014 | Updated Jan. 4, 2018
Sock Drawer puzzle
There are 10 socks of each of the following colors in a drawer: red blue green black white i.e., there are 50 socks. The socks are arbitrarily distributed in the drawer. You are blind-f…
Puzzles
Puzzles
math puzzle
pigeonhole principle
0
Undergraduate
By
Shiva Kintali
on June 13, 2012 | Updated Dec. 6, 2017
Basics of Pigeonhole Principle
Prove the following : Given \(n\) integers, some nonempty subset of them has sum divisible by \(n\). Let \(A\) be a set of \(n+1\) integers from {\({1, 2,\dots , 2n}\)}. Prove that some element of \…
Mathematics
Discrete Mathematics
basics
counting
pigeonhole principle
1
Undergraduate
By
Shiva Kintali
on Sept. 30, 2013 | Updated Jan. 4, 2018
Friends and Parties
Show that at a party of \(n\) people, there are two people who have the same number of friends in the party. Assume that friendship is symmetric. There are \(2n\) people at a party. Each person has…
Mathematics
Discrete Mathematics
counting
pigeonhole principle
0
Undergraduate
By
Shiva Kintali
on Sept. 29, 2013 | Updated Jan. 4, 2018
Fibonacci numbers and primes
The Fibonacci numbers are defined by \(F_1 = F_2 = 1\) and \(F_n = F_{n−1} + F_{n−2}\) for \(n \geq 3\). If \(p\) is a prime number, prove that at least one of the first \(p + 1\) Fibonacci numbers mu…
Mathematics
Combinatorics
fibonacci
pigeonhole principle
primes
0
Undergraduate
By
Shiva Kintali
on Sept. 29, 2013 | Updated Jan. 4, 2018
Fibonacci numbers and primes
The Fibonacci numbers are defined by \(F_1 = F_2 = 1\) and \(F_n = F_{n−1} + F_{n−2}\) for \(n \geq 3\). If \(p\) is a prime number, prove that at least one of the first \(p + 1\) Fibonacci numbers mu…
Mathematics
Combinatorics
fibonacci
pigeonhole principle
primes
1
Undergraduate
By
Shiva Kintali
on Sept. 27, 2013 | Updated Jan. 4, 2018
Fibonacci numbers and Induction
The Fibonacci numbers, \(F_0, F_1, F_2, \dots\) , are defined recursively by the equations \(F_0 = 0\), \(F_1 = 1\), and \(F_n = F_{n-1} + F_{n-2},\) for \(n > 1\). Prove that …
Mathematics
Discrete Mathematics
fibonacci
induction
tiling
0
Undergraduate
By
Shiva Kintali
on Sept. 29, 2013 | Updated Jan. 4, 2018
Dirichlet approximation
(Trivial approximation) For \(x \in \mathbb{R}\) and \(n \in \mathbb{Z}^+\), there is a rational number \(\frac{p}{q}\), with \(1 \leq q \leq n\), such that …
Mathematics
Combinatorics
pigeonhole principle
0
Undergraduate
By
Shiva Kintali
on June 13, 2012 | Updated Dec. 6, 2017
Ramsey Number upper bound
The Ramsey Number \(R(s, t)\) is the minimum integer \(n\) for which every red-blue coloring of the edges of a complete graph \(K_n\) contains a completely red \(K_s\) or a completely blue \(K_t\). Pr…
Mathematics
Graph Theory
pigeonhole principle
0
Graduate
By
Shiva Kintali
on June 6, 2012 | Updated Dec. 6, 2017
Erdos-Szekeres Theorem
Prove that for given integers \(r, s\) any sequence of distinct real numbers of length at least \((r - 1)(s - 1) + 1\) contains either a monotonically increasing subsequence of length \(r\), or a mon…
Mathematics
Combinatorics
pigeonhole principle
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