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Undergraduate
By
domotorp
on June 11, 2012 | Updated Dec. 6, 2017
Non-double words form a context-free language
Define double words whose first and second half is the same, e.g. baba or aaaa but not abba, bab or bababa. Prove that over a finite alphabet the language of non-double words is context-free. (Context…
Computer Science
Complexity Theory
formal languages
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Undergraduate
By
123forman
on May 8, 2014 | Updated Dec. 6, 2017
Democratic distribution of wealth
A crew of 100 pirates have captured 100 laptops. The pirates are ranked 1 through 100, with pirate 100 being the pirate king. Captured booty is distributed as follows. The pirate king proposes a dis…
Mathematics
Discrete Mathematics
Game Theory
induction
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High School
By
Shiva Kintali
on June 27, 2013 | Updated Jan. 4, 2018
Basics of Induction
Prove the following using induction: \(\sum_{i=1}^{n}{i} = \frac{n(n+1)}{2}\). \(\sum_{i=1}^{n}{i}^2 = \frac{n(n+1)(2n+1}{6}\). \(\sum_{i=1}^{n}{i}^3 = {(\frac{n(n+1)}{2})}^2\). …
Mathematics
Discrete Mathematics
induction
summation
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Undergraduate
By
Shiva Kintali
on Sept. 27, 2013 | Updated Jan. 4, 2018
Fibonacci numbers and Induction
The Fibonacci numbers, \(F_0, F_1, F_2, \dots\) , are defined recursively by the equations \(F_0 = 0\), \(F_1 = 1\), and \(F_n = F_{n-1} + F_{n-2},\) for \(n > 1\). Prove that …
Mathematics
Discrete Mathematics
fibonacci
induction
tiling
0
High School
By
Shiva Kintali
on Sept. 30, 2013 | Updated Jan. 4, 2018
Using Binomial Theorem
Prove the following using binomial theorem and/or mathematical induction Let \(a\), \(b\) and \(n\) be natural numbers, prove that \(\frac{(a+\sqrt{b})^n + (a-\sqrt{b})^n}{2}\) is also a natural …
Mathematics
Discrete Mathematics
binomial theorem
induction
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Undergraduate
By
Shiva Kintali
on June 16, 2012 | Updated Dec. 6, 2017
L shaped tiling
Consider a \(2^n × 2^n\) board with one (arbitrarily chosen) square removed, as in the following figure for \(n = 3\). Prove that any such board can be tiled (without gaps or overlaps) by \(L\)-shaped…
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